Currently, Mexico is both the origin and destination of many migrants, and an increasing number of migrants are returning to Mexico from the United States. Mexico is the mandatory entrance for many migratory flows, which comprise of thousands of migrants, asylum seekers, refugees and trafficked persons, whose main destination is the United States of America and, to a lesser extent, Canada. It is paramount that there is adequate legislation to protect them and that their rights are not violated.
Migration Report Mexico 2013
On December 30, 2013, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights sanctioned a report entitled “Human Rights of Migrants and Others in the Context of Human Mobility in Mexico,” which analyzed the human rights of migrants in Mexico and made recommendations to ensure that Mexico’s migration policies, laws and practices are consistent with the State’s international human rights laws for the protection of migrants, asylum-seekers, refugees, victims of human trafficking and internally displaced persons.
Regulation of Migration.
On May 26, 2011, the Migration Law went into effect. This law updated Mexican migration policy in order to address the human rights and protection of migrants.
On May 28, 2015, the Victim’s Law was introduced in Nuevo León. It defined a victim as any person who has suffered direct or indirect impairment of his or her rights as a result of a human rights violation or the commission of a crime. Migrants face great social disadvantages and vulnerability in society; therefore, the Victims Law seeks to reinforce respect for their rights and provide them with more legal security during their time in Nuevo León.
Migration Law in Nuevo León
On November 9, 2010, the Law and Assistance for Migrants Support Initiative of the State of Nuevo León was issued. It specifies the minimum rights of migrants and the rights and obligations of the authorities in facing the difficulties presented by migration. This verdict also recognized that there were already non-governmental organizations addressing this challenge, as well as a declaratory judgement which outlined specific strategies for managing migration.
Our Verdict of Migration Laws
Having witnessed the many problems and challenges presented by migration today, we believe that we need not only a law to establish human rights for migrants, but also an effective public policy that guarantees them.